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|Hydraulic Measurments In HPP “Perućica”|
Client: “EPP-MNE” Nikšić
Team of researchers: Dragisa Žugić,B.Sc. C.E., Danica Starinac, B.Sc. C.E., Predrag Vojt, B.Sc. C.E., Marko Dimitrijević B.Sc. C.E.
In June 2010 the Department of Hydraulics at Institute for Water Resources "Jaroslav Černi" conducted a major campaign for measurement as part of the Project for modernization and rehabilitation of hydropower plant "Perućica".
HPP "Perućica" is the oldest large hydropower plant in Montenegro, which started operating in 1960, with an installed capacity of 307 MW. Since the start of operation until now, hydropower has never worked with full installed capacity. Average annual production of electricity in the period 1960-1999 was 823 GWh, which represents 63% of the total production.
In order to determine the causes of the problems that limit the capacity of hydroelectric power plant and take appropriate measures to address them, in the past, many studies have been carried out in the past, as well as in-situ measurements, mathematical simulations and other analysis, based on which the operating capacity was increased to 285 MW.
The project of modernization and revitalization of the system plans increasing operating capacity up to the installed value, but also considers the possibility of installing an additional eight unit, which would increase capacity to the value of 365.5 MW.
For such an undertaking it is necessary to conduct a thorough analysis of the system, including analysis by means of mathematical models. Given the fact that to calibrate the parameters of a mathematical model it is necessary to have field data, detailed measurements were carried out, which included measurements of water level, flow, pressure, displacement, strain and vibration at different locations throughout the system. All measurements were performed continuously and simultaneously, in order to obtain a real picture of the behavior of the whole system in different conditions and at the same time to provide relevant data for calibration of the mathematical model..