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JCI at a Glance References Selected Projects Study of Extreme Hydrologic Events - Floods and Droughts in Serbia
Study of Extreme Hydrologic Events - Floods and Droughts in Serbia PDF Print E-mail

altClient:
Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia
Project Manager:
Prof. Stevan Prohaska, Ph.D.C.E.
Participant from  the „Jaroslav Cerni“ Institute:
Prof. Stevan Prohaska, Ph.D.C.E.; Aleksandra Ilić, B.S.C.E.

Floods and droughts have a highly adverse impact on sustainable economic and social development. To reduce the risks of extreme hydrologic events, the technical and organizational aspects of flood and drought protection need to be refined and updated regularly, in order to reflect advances in science and technology. Continual education and training of all participants in flood and drought alleviation and protection have primary significance. Development of appropriate procedures and computer models, as well as the use of up-to-date equipment to monitor relevant parameters, can significantly reduce the adverse effects of extreme events.

Two years ago, the Jaroslav Cerni Institute was commissioned by the Ministry of Science and Technological Development to take part in a research project (TR-22005) whose goal was to develop methods and procedures for the study of extreme hydro-meteorological events: floods and droughts. Other project participants included:

  • The University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture;
  • The University of Niš, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture;
  • The University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and Geology.

poplave_suse_01The main objectives of the project were:

  • To make a scientific/theoretical contribution to multi-dimensional statistical analyses of flood and drought events;
  • To develop procedures for assessment of simultaneous high flows at major rivers and their tributaries;
  • To develop numerical procedures for the identification of historic flood and drought events;
  • To establish an experimental site where the water regime and soil parameters relevant to agriculture would be monitored.

The main results of the project were:

  • Historic flood and drought events in Serbia were identified and analyzed;
  • A methodology for definition of multi-dimensional flood probability assessments of complex river systems was developed;
  • A methodology for multi-dimensional determination of coinciding flood waves on the Danube, Tisa and Sava rivers was proposed;
  • A methodology for the estimation of the probability of historic flood and drought events during the same calendar year was produced;
  • A daily soil moisture balance model was developed, for accurate determination of the beginning and end of crop water stress periods; and
  • An experimental site for monitoring of soil moisture regime was established.

Within the scope of this project, new research methods and analytical software were developed, including: poplave_suse_02

  • A new method for the definition of multi-dimensional statistical analysis of flood waves in complex river systems;
  • A new method for the definition of coincidence of disastrous flood and drought events;
  • Software for spatial interpolation of short-duration rainfall events in Serbia.
 
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