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|Methodologies for Preliminary Assessments of Flood Risk and Development of Flood Hazard Maps|
Marina Babić-Mladenović, Ph.D.C.E.
Directive 2007/60/ES of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks calls on all EU member states to publish Flood Risk Management Plans at the river basin district level by 22 December 2015. The development of these Plans involves three steps: (1) Development of a Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment (PFRA) for each river basin, which identifies areas currently at risk or expected to be at risk in the future; (2) Development of flood risk and flood hazard maps, generally based on requirements outlined in the Directive but also reflecting local specificities; (3) Adoption of Flood Risk Management Plans, based on the outcomes of the first two steps.
The objective of this project is the development of a proposed methodology for the preparation of PFRAs for the territory of Serbia, and a proposed methodology for the preparation of flood risk and flood hazard maps called for by the Flood Directive. Direct and indirect beneficiaries of the project include national institutions in charge of water management, environmental protection, spatial planning, agriculture, forestry, energy, tourism, education, media and, as well as, local administrations.
Activities leading to the development of the methodologies for the preparation of PFRAs and flood risk and flood hazard maps for the territory of Serbia are two-fold:
CONCLUSIONS OF THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
- Impact on public health: threatened population (generally population density),
However, most countries do not apply all these criteria to designate significant flood risk areas at the PFRA stage. Instead, during flood risk mapping, these criteria will be used to classify risks into several categories.
- Potential (estimated) flood risk areas, resulting from a number of hydraulic studies;
- Population: number or density (Source: National Statistical Office (NSO));
The development of this digital map is an ongoing process, which requires continual updating.
- Flood Directive requirements
- Development of a proposed PFRA methodology
- A PFRA