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PR Center News Monitor II Workshop on Practical Application of Monitoring in Natural Disaster Management Held in Belgrade
Monitor II Workshop on Practical Application of Monitoring in Natural Disaster Management Held in Belgrade PDF Print E-mail

An international workshop addressing the practical application of meteorological and hydrological monitoring in natural disaster management was held in Belgrade on 28 and 29 September 2011 at the University of Belgrade/Faculty of Forestry and the Jaroslav Černi Institute. These two institutions are participating in the Monitor II project on behalf of Serbia, along with six EU member states: Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece. The Monitor II project was launched in 2009 and will be completed in 2012. Project activities focus on monitoring of natural disasters typical of the participating countries. These include landslides, rockslides, snowslips and flash floods.

Apart from the overall significance of the participation of Serbian institutions in European projects, Serbia's activities have resulted in a direct practical application. As part of the Monitor II project activities, Jaroslav Černi Institute for the Development of Water Resources has installed a real-time flash flood monitoring and warning system for the Topčider River. This system will be a major contributor to flood protection given existing threats to the urban and industrial zones along the lower course of the Topčider River and frequent flooding in the past. The beneficiaries of the outcomes of the flash flood monitoring system project for the Topčider River include the Water Administration of the City of Belgrade, the public water management enterprise Belgrade Waters, and the Department of Emergency Situations.

Location of the test bed

The Topčider River is a right tributary of the Sava River in the central zone of Belgrade. The size of its elongated catchment area is 147 km². The highest altitudes are found on the nearby Rodop Mountains. The highest peak is at 512m and the mouth of the river is at 78m. Slopes vary from very steep to mild.

Geographic description of the test bed

The climate is moderately continental, with an average annual precipitation of 700 mm and an average annual temperature of 10°C.
The lower portion of the catchment area lies within the urban zone of Belgrade, while the remainder features farmland, orchards, rural settlements and mining sites.
Belgrade and urban areas occupy 19% of the catchment area.
A section of international corridor X, which connects northern Europe with Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey and Asian corridors, runs adjacent to the Topčider River.

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History of natural hazards in the test bed

During the past several decades, the Topčider River and its tributaries flooded rural and urban areas on several occasions and caused significant damage. Apart from urban and rural housing, these floods impacted industrial facilities and corridors VIII and X.
A number of major floods have been recorded since routine and special-purpose monitoring began in 1957. Characteristic floods occurred in 1985, 1999, 2005 and 2007.

Monitoring system project

The newly-installed monitoring system was designed for the application of cutting-edge monitoring devices, able to transmit measured data directly to a central computer and flood protection managers.
All data collected at monitoring sites are transmitted using wireless technology to the central computer, and via SMS messages to the staff in charge. Everything takes place in real time, to maximize flash flood protection.

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